Wrightia tinctoria is a small deciduous tree belonging to the family Apocayanaceae. It is distributed in India, Australia, Myanmar, Nepal, and Timor, Vietnam. Within India, it is found in most of the peninsular and central India except northern and northeastern states. Traditionally, the plant is used to treat seizures, wounds, jaundice, leukaemia, gynaecological disorders, toothache, headache, dandruff, diarrhoea and skin disorders like psoriasis, eczema, scabies etc. The phytochemical studies have shown that the presence of alkaloids, triterpenoids, steroids, flavonoids, lipids and carbohydrates. W.tinctoria showed wide spectrum of pharmacological activities on anti-microbial, anti-psoriatic, anti-diarrhoeal, anti-helminthic, anti-oxidant, anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory analgesic, anti-diabetic, diuretic, hepatoprotective and anti-ulcer properties.
Aragvadha (Cassia fistula Linn.) is a plant drug which is being used in the medicines in Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha systems of medicine since ages. It has good ornamental and medicinal value. It is mentioned to be useful in the diseases like fever, skin disorders, rheumatic disorders etc and acts as anti-inflammatory, anti-pyretic etc. The pharmacological potential of Cassia fistula Linn is enumerated with the modern day researches.
Cynodon dactylon possesses immense medicinal value and may be applied both externally as well as internally. The plant possesses antiviral and antimicrobial activity. Decoctions of root are used in secondary syphilis and irritation of urinary organs. The plant is astringent, sweet, cooling, haemostatic, depurative, vulnerary, constipating, diuretic and tonic and is useful in impaired conditions of pitta and kapha, hyperdipsia, burning sensation, haemoptysis, haematuria, haemorrhages, wounds, leprosy, diarrhoea, dysentery, conjunctivitis, vomiting.
Yashtimadhu revitalizes hair follicles (keshya), helps restore natural hair color (varnakrit), is anti-inflammatory (shotha-apaha), and anti-toxic / anti-allergic (vishapaha). It protects skin and hair against oxidative processes and promotes hair growth.
Psoralea corylifolia is belongs to Fabaceae family, it is an endangered and medicinally important plant grows throughout India. It has multifarious uses as it is an important component of Ayurvedic as well as Allopathic system of medicines. It has been used in the treatment of eczema and hair loss. Roots of the plant are useful in dental caries, fruits are laxative, aphrodisiac, and are used for the treatment of leucoderma, leprosy and in inflammatory diseases of the skin and leaves are good for the treatment of diarrhoea. The plant has been used in Ayurvedic medicinal system as a cardiac tonic, vasodilator and pigmentor. It possesses important activities like antibacterial, anti- inflammatory, antiplatelet, antitumor, immunomodulatory.
Karanja is anti-infective (krimi-jit), wound-healing (vrana-apaha), and effective in skin disorders (kushtha-jit).
Nimba is anti-infective (krimi-pranut), anti-pruritic (kandu-pranut), wound-healing (vrana-pranut), anti-allergic (visha-pranut), and effective in skin disorders (kushtha-hara).
Ricinus communis Linn (Euphorbiaceae) commonly known as Eranda in Ayurveda is a soft-wooded small tree wide spread throughout tropics and warm temperate regions of the world. In the Indian system of medicine, the leaf, root, and seed oil of this plant have been used for the treatment of inflammation and liver disorders. In Ayurveda, the roots of Eranda are used in the treatment of Amavata (rheumatism), Sotha (inflammation), Katisula (backache), Udararoga (diseases of abdomen) and Jwara (fever). Its roots have also been highlighted for its Vrishya (aphrodisiac) and Vatahara actions by Acharya Charaka. This plant also possesses hepatoprotective, anti-diabetic, laxative, anti-fertility, anti-inflammatory and free radical scavenging activities.