Swarna (gold) bhasma has been utilized as a therapeutic agent in the traditional Indian Ayurvedic medicine for several clinical disorders including bronchial asthma, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes mellitus, and nervous system diseases. Swarna bhasma is usually given orally mixed with honey, ghee or milk.
Brahmi enhances cognitive performance (medhya), reduces anxiety and depression, and improves memory (smriti-prada). Bacopa monnieri, a traditional Ayurvedic medicine, used for centuries as a memory enhancing, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antipyretic, sedative and antiepileptic agent. The plant, plant extract and isolated bacosides (the major active principles) have been extensively investigated in several laboratories for their neuro-pharmacological effects and a number of reports are available confirming their nootropic action. In addition, researchers have evaluated the anti-inflammatory, cardiotonic and other pharmacological effects of BM preparations/extracts.
Brahmi is anti-thrombotic and cardio-protective. It stimulates thyroid gland in hypothyroidism. It is immuno-stimulant(rasayana). It evokes a gene-expression response for wound healing and microangiopathy. It is anti-oxidant and useful in various venous and arterial problems. It stabilizes hypoechoic, low-density plaques and remodels echolucent plaques by remodeling collagen synthesis. It is useful in diabetic microangiopathy by improving microcirculation and decreasing capillary permeability. In an experimental study, a dose (100-1000mg/kg) dependent reduction in percent left ventricle necrosis (PLVN) as well as in lipid peroxide levels was observed in rats treated with alcohoic extract of Hydrocotyle asiatica orally for 7 days compared to control animals. The study strongly suggests the cardioprotective activity of Hydrocotyle asiastca in limiting ischemia-reperfusion induced myocardial injury. Brahmi is also known as Hydrocotyle asiatica.
Shankhpushpi acts as anti-anxiety(medhya), alleviates cognitive disorders (manas-roga-hrit), and modulates neuro-endocrine functions (dosha-pranut).
Vacha is nootropic (medhya), sedative (shamak), anti-depressant (sangya-sthapana), and brain stimulant (teekshna). It is used for the management of various neurologic (apasmara) and psychiatric disorders (bhuta-badha), including anxiety neurosis (chinta), depression (shoka, mano-avasada) etc. In an experimental study in rats, vacha was seen to possess sedative effect. Vacha is also known as Acorus calamus.
Clarified butter or butter which has been boiled gently and allowed to cool
Honey known as madhu in ayurvedic scriptures is one of the most important medicines used in ayurveda. In ayurveda, honey is used for both internal and external applications. It is mainly used for the treatment of eye diseases, cough, thirst, phlegm, hiccups, blood in vomit, leprosy, diabetes, obesity, worm infestation, vomiting, asthma, diarrhoea and healing wounds. It is also used as a natural preservative and sweetener in many ayurvedic preparations. It is also used as a vehicle along with some medicines to improve its efficacy or to mitigate the side effects of the other medicines it is mixed with. It is also known to mitigate the increased kapha dosha. (Kapha dosha is the ayurvedic category for body constitutions- those with kapha dosha are of larger proportions with robust frame.) It should also be kept in mind that fresh honey helps to increase body mass while old honey produces constipation and decreases body mass. Honey should not be heated or consumed warm as it causes toxic effect. Cold honey should always be preferred.